What spiritual considerations may arise for individuals, communities, and health-care providers in the aftermath of a disaster? Give an example of a natural or man-made disaster to support your response. How can a community health nurse help with spiritual care for individuals, communities, self-care, and coworkers?
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The aftermath of Superstorm Sandy in New Jersey resulted in human suffering in the form of sickness, mortality, property damage such as habitats, and social disturbance. Furthermore, the calamity causes distrust among community members, despair in an individual, and a sense of struggle among caregivers (Newton, 2019). As a result, individuals, communities, and health-care personnel all require supernatural assistance to overcome the effects of any calamity.
Spirituality is supposed to aid in the recovery process after any type of traumatic event. However, in the aftermath of a disaster, the community's and health-care providers' responses to spiritual issues may differ. A superstorm Sandy calamity, for example, altered the physical, emotional, and psychological well-being of New Jersey residents, as well as their spiritual well-being. Spiritual dissatisfaction, feelings of God's wrath, and interpersonal spirituality discontent arose from the tragedy. Because of the psychological stress caused by the event, the divine coping is addressed. (Ronan, et al., 2017).
Second, some survivors of Superstorm Sandy incorporated their religious beliefs into their interpretation of the disaster as a coping mechanism. The society believed God was to blame for the calamity, citing biblical references made by prophets. Others, on the other hand, saw God as a punisher rather than a loving figure. Finally, when caring for despairing and desperate disaster victims, the heavenly element may be experienced. The anguish and grief experienced by caregivers as a result of seeing traumatized individuals may motivate them to seek spiritual healing, restoring their faith and allowing them to make spiritual decisions in clinical practice (Newton, 2019).
How can a community health nurse help with spiritual care for individuals, communities, self-care, and coworkers?
After the superstorm Sandy calamity, which resulted in the loss of loved ones, the community caregiver plays a critical role in the spiritual field of an individual.
By lowering discomfort and eliminating any stressors or negative thoughts, the nurse guarantees that the affected person can cope well with physical and emotional obligations. As a result, the nurse reduces the chance of sadness and suicidal thoughts in the fire victim. In addition, by getting a spiritual history, a community health nurse can assess a person's concept of spirituality. This facilitates compassionately delivering tailored care, necessitating a quicker recovery (Zhou, 2018).
The function of the community health nurse in the spiritual part of the community. Community members receive emotional support from local health care experts. When providing treatment to disaster-stricken populations, spiritual care workers collaborate with mental health practitioners. Patients who have been severely traumatized are at risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder, necessitating a referral to mental health for suitable counseling and emotional support. In addition, providing spiritual care to the community helps to build critical resilience and hope. Finally, spiritual components are planned, prepared, trained for, and mitigated by community health caregivers. The nurses prepare the congregation and other society members for any disaster in partnership with the society religious leaders, building a resilient community (Newton, 2019).
Community caregivers' roles in the spiritual part of self-care. Providing spiritual care in the aftermath of a calamity can be a difficult task. Compassion fatigue is a problem for caretakers. Spiritual and emotional care providers must have post-care mechanisms in place. In addition, disaster response agencies are responsible for developing healthy work and living styles in order to care for their health care professionals in the event of a disaster (Ronan, 2017).
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K. R. Ronan and D. M. Johnston (2017). The role of schools, youths, and families in promoting community resilience in disasters. Springer, New York, NY.
L. Zhou, X. Wu, Z. Xu, and H. Fujita (2018). An overview of emergency decision-making in natural disasters. 567-576 in International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. Spiritual Considerations in the Wake of a Natural Disaster
What are spiritual considerations?
Identifying spiritual suffering and measures to improve, develop, or sustain spiritual health should all be taken into account. To others, maintaining hope in the face of terminal sickness may appear pointless. Religious participation and spirituality, on the other hand, are linked to better health results.
What are the essential nursing care considerations in providing spiritual care for disaster victims?
- By nurturing particular ideas and behaviors, you can be more sensitive to yourself and others.
- As you honestly listen to another's tale, promote and accept positive and negative feelings.
- Create a healing atmosphere that is respectful of human dignity for the bodily and spiritual self.
What is spiritual disaster?
When a being's aura becomes out of control and eventually warps to the point where it can no longer be soothed, it is called a spiritual calamity. It must be exorcised once it reaches this point. Almost all spiritual disasters occur in Tokyo as a result of Yakou Tsuchimikado's ultimate ceremony.
For each situation, the ways for cleaning spiritual disasters vary, but the general order of things remains mostly the same. First, a barrier would be erected to isolate the spiritual tragedy, reducing the environmental damage. The aura's deviation would be assessed at the same time, and the next step would be to apply a correction or throw a stronger magical pressure to completely'scatter' it.
Subduing demons in General Onmyoudou often used the magic of esoteric religious systems when demons were born. This frequently contains items such as Fire Realm Magic.
How can a community health nurse assist in the spiritual care of the individual community?
Dennis Graham Ph.D., RN, ANP-BCc, Brian P. Hughes, BCC, MDiv, MSb, Ronit Elk, Ph.D.a, Eric J. Hall, MDivb, Cristy DeGregory, Ph.D., RNa, Ronit Elk, Ph.D., RNa, Ronit Elk, Ph.D., RNa, Ronit Elk, Ph.D., RNa, Ronit Elk,
University of South Carolina College of Nursing; 1601 Greene Street, Columbia, SC 29208
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65 Broadway, 12th Floor, New York, NY 10006-2503 b HealthCare Chaplaincy Network Spiritual Care Association
Molloy College;1000 Hempstead Avenue, Rockville Centre, NY 11571-5002 Barbara H. Hagan School of Nursing
Spiritual care has been identified as an important component of holistic nursing care in the promotion of health and well-being. The goal of this paper is to describe: (1) the current state of knowledge regarding the good therapeutic impact of spiritual care offered by healthcare providers to patients. (2) How nurses can provide spiritual care despite a lack of training by screening for spiritual needs and preferences, sending patients for spiritual assessment, and delivering a variety of spiritual care. (3) Techniques for detecting spiritual discomfort and effectively intervening. (4) Nurses' spiritual well-being. Conclusions: Although it has been strongly suggested that nurses provide spiritual care, the lack of such training as part of the nursing curriculum has resulted in a lack of competence and knowledge in this area. Despite this, nurses are capable of providing many areas of spiritual care. It is a missed chance to improve patient care if spiritual support is not provided to patients. There is a huge research vacuum in techniques for establishing spiritual care competences in nursing students that needs to be filled.
Determining spirituality: Determining spirituality is a difficult task. This is the consensus definition reached by a recent international interdisciplinary expert panel: “Spirituality is a dynamic and integral aspect of humanity in which people seek ultimate meaning, purpose, and transcendence, as well as experience relationships with themselves, their families, others, their communities, society, nature, and the significant or sacred. Beliefs, values, traditions, and behaviors all contribute to spirituality” (C. M. Puchalski, Vitillo, Hull, & Reller, 2014). Spirituality and religion are sometimes confused. They are not interchangeable. The term “religion” is defined as “a subset of spirituality that encompasses a community's shared beliefs and practices, as well as rituals that acknowledge, worship, communicate with, or approach the sacred, the divine, or God (in Western cultures), or ultimate truth, reality, or nirvana (in Eastern cultures) (Koenig, 2008). Religion is one method for people to show their spirituality, but it is by no means the only way. Religion is more concerned with the systems or social organizations that bring together people who share similar ideas or values (Emblen, 1992).
Determining the Difference Between Spiritual Well-Being and Spiritual Distress: These are defined by NANDA-International as follows: Preparation for improved spiritual well-being: “A pattern of experiencing and integrating meaning and purpose in one's life through connections with one's self, others, art, music, literature, nature, and/or a power larger than oneself, which can be strengthened” (Diagnoses, N. N., 2003a) At risk for spiritual distress: “vulnerable to an impaired ability to experience and integrate meaning and purpose in life through connectedness within self, literature, nature, and/or a power greater than oneself, which may compromise health” (Caldeira & Vieira, 2012), and spiritual distress: “a state of suffering related to the impaired ability to experience meaning in life through connections with self, others, the world, or a superior being” (Caldeira & Vieira, 2012). (Diagnoses, N. N., 2003b)
(a) Spiritual Preferences and Needs: Spiritual Screening and Spiritual History: The assessment of the patient's spiritual requirements is the first step in delivering well-integrated spiritual care. A spiritual screen, a spiritual history, and a spiritual assessment are among the three types of screening available. Depending on the institution where the nurse works, one or more of these will be conducted by her or another team member.
I Conducting a Spiritual Screen: This is a tool that consists of only a few questions and is used to determine the patient's spiritual preferences as well as any distress so that they can be sent to a chaplain. The Spiritual Struggle Screening Protocol (Fitchett & Risk, 2009) is one such tool:
(b) Referring the Patient for a Spiritual Assessment: Only a spiritual care specialist, such as a chaplain, should perform this process. It is a discussion in which the patient is listened to and the spiritual requirements are assessed, and it necessitates specialized knowledge and time (Bowden, J., Murphy, P., & Peery, B, 2016). The spiritual evaluation not only identifies spiritual needs and resources, but also creates a spiritual care plan and intended results. This assessment is always presented in the patient's chart, but it may or may not wind up in the patient's file, depending on the institution “ancillary notes,” which, regrettably, healthcare workers rarely read. As a result, it is critical for the nurse to know where this is filed and to analyze it because it may have a direct impact on the patient's treatment.
(c) Spiritual Care in a Variety of Forms: Nurses can provide spiritual care by addressing a number of essential spiritual themes. This includes acknowledging and supporting the patient's spiritual beliefs and requirements, as well as tailoring spiritual care to the patient's specific needs. This entails expressing compassion explicitly, actively listening, and guiding the patient through their health-care journey. Nurses should also be aware of how a hospitalization affects the patient's and family's spiritual well-being, as well as the spiritual resources that may be required. To prevent any HIPAA concerns, this may entail partnering with local community faith leaders to give more in-depth spiritual support as needed, with the patient's approval. It's vital to remember that not everyone in the largely Christian United States is a Christian, and that many people express their spirituality in a range of distinct, and even separate, religious or spiritual ways (Eric J Hall, Brian P. Hughes, & George H. Handzo, 2016). Nurses should be aware of and respectful of how a patient's faith tradition, spiritual beliefs, and priorities influence their treatment. Patients frequently request that the nurse pray with them. If a nurse is uncomfortable praying with a patient, she or he can recommend the patient to a religious leader, stating, for example, “I don't normally pray directly with my patients. I can, however, contact the chaplain/minister who does. Today and during your journey, I promise to keep you in my thoughts and prayers.” If the nurse is at ease, it's a good idea to ask the patient what he or she would like the nurse to pray for. This invites clarity, conveys respect for the patient, and allows the patient to decide what, when, and who is participating in the prayer, which many people regard as a private shared action. It is critical not to pray for patients who are not Christians “In the name of Jesus,” says the narrator.
Finally, if a nurse feels that a patient is about to experience spiritual distress, she or he can use a variety of interventions. According to the Nursing Intervention Classification (NIC) (Nursing Interventions and Rationales, 2013), the nurse should:
1.Look for signs of low self-esteem, self-worth, futility, or hopelessness in the client.
3.Attend to the client's religious and spiritual needs by being physically present and available.
7.Hold client's hand or softly lay hand on arm if client is comfortable with touch. Nonverbal communication becomes more intimate when it is touched.
eleven. Pay attention to the client's feelings regarding dying. Allow time for grief and be nonjudgmental.
11.Assist the client in developing skills to cope with illness or changes in their lifestyle. Include the client in the care planning process.
13.Allow client to pray with others or be read to by members of their own faith in a private setting.
How can you ensure a person's spiritual needs are met give two examples?
We are dedicated to providing whole-person care to our patients and their families at AdventHealth. This entails going above and above to meet not just their physical, but also their emotional and spiritual requirements. The good news is that you don't need a theology degree or to be a chaplain to achieve this. It can be as simple as delivering a reassuring touch or uttering a quick prayer.
Keep in mind that there is no one-size-fits-all approach when considering some of the spiritual care options described below. Everyone you meet is at a distinct stage of their spiritual development. Consider what it's like to be in their shoes when you interact, and pray for wisdom to help them in the ways they require.
Take Your Cues from the Patient
Because patients are visitors at our hospitals, it's critical to let them take the lead throughout each visit. Don't bring up the subject of church or religion. Instead, begin by inquiring about their well-being and what led them to the hospital. This allows kids to express themselves and communicate what is important to them.
Pay attention to your patient's nonverbal signals as well. Patients will sometimes try to be polite by not speaking out when they require assistance. Others are in an uncomfortable circumstance that makes it difficult for them to express clearly how they want to be cared for. Before you can provide spiritual support, you must first address your patient's physical requirements, which may include changing the bed, turning off the television so they can have some quiet time, or assisting them to the bathroom.
Demonstrate a Christ-like Attitude
Treat your patients with the same love that God has for you! Don't just say you care about someone; actually care about them and recognize the good in them. That means treating them as if they were the most important person in your life, even if you don't agree with everything they say or how they treat you. Keep in mind that love isn't always a sensation. It's sometimes a decision to smile even if you don't feel like it, to establish eye contact, to listen with compassion, and to serve without expecting anything in return.
3. Inquire about the patient's spiritual needs.
Asking patients how you might help them spiritually is one of the simplest methods to provide spiritual care, and then doing your best to fulfill that request is another. For example, if your patient is a Greek Orthodox Christian who wishes to see a priest before surgery, contact the Greek Orthodox Church in your area and see whether the priest would be willing to come. Remember not to make any promises to your patient that you aren't confident you can keep. Rather than promising a Greek Orthodox priest by 3 p.m., simply say, “Let me check into it and see what I can arrange.”
Offer to contact a chaplain or pray with the patient if the priest is unavailable.
Support Patients Within Their Own Faith Tradition
The goal of spiritual care isn't to convert patients to your religion; rather, it's to help them connect with the divine if they desire it. Remember that they are a captive audience, frequently confined to a hospital bed they don't want to be in, while you connect with them. It's always right to show God's love and compassion in these situations, but it's not fair to tell them what they should believe.
I understand that caregivers who want to be loyal to their own values may have internal conflict in this area. This is my recommendation to you: Make every effort to assist patients according to their religious beliefs, but always follow your conscience. When I pray with patients who are not Christians, for example, I make sure the language I use do not contradict my own views.
Also keep in mind that, in the end, people do not convert people. Only God has the power to change people's hearts.
5. Listen to others' fears and concerns without getting caught up in your own.
It's simple to remark, “I know how you feel,” and then launch into a tale about one of your own experiences when someone starts sharing their problems with you. But keep in mind that you are there to help the patient, not the other way around. To provide emotional and spiritual support, I've found that naming the emotions that patients or family members express and then asking a follow-up question is far more effective. “I hear a lot of fear in your comments,” you could say, for example. “Could you please explain me where that came from?” “You appear to be in a bad mood.” “Could you tell me what's going on?”
Don't be offended if they refuse to talk to you. Take that as an indication that the time isn't quite right.
6. Inquire whether you are permitted to pray with them.
Caregivers aren't always sure how or when to ask whether a patient wants prayer. My general rule of thumb is to always ask if you can pray for your patient if they are in pain. “Would you mind if I say a quick prayer for you, Mrs. Jones?” I'll generally say. The word “short” is significant because it tells the patient that even if they don't understand what you're going to say, they'll probably be able to tolerate it because it will be brief.
Share an Encouraging Thought or Word
Scripture has a wonderful ability to elevate people's spirits and encourage them. Psalm 46:10 is one of my favorite Bible scriptures that I like to share with patients. It reads, “Be quiet, and know that I am God,” declares the Lord. When I read this scripture to frightened patients, I tell them to relax, take a deep breath, and recognize that they are in God's presence, and that God will take care of them.
What parts of the Bible speak to you the most? I recommend memorizing two or three so that you can draw from a pool of spiritual concepts that have inspired you and utilize them to encourage others when the occasion arises.
8. Make Use of Your Senses of Presence and Touch
When I first started out as a chaplain, I had a hard time grasping what it meant to be a chaplain “Presence ministry.” I wanted to say a lot of things to soothe someone who had lost a loved one or who had a loved one who wasn't doing well. I've now learnt that people don't always want to hear words. They simply want to know that someone is concerned about them. A person in need can receive this care just by being in your presence. Simply by being present in that moment, you are reflecting God.
To different people, spirituality means different things.
Spirituality can include religion and faith, yet spirituality is not always religious. Whether or not they follow a religion, everyone has spiritual needs at some point in their lives. Spiritual requirements may include:
Depending on what's essential to them, people do different things to meet their spiritual requirements. Some people practice their religion through praying or attending religious services. For others, it may be spending time with friends and family, spending time in nature, or working or engaging in hobbies.
We were lately examining Iranian nurses' spiritual care competencies as nurse researchers. Using a self-directed instrument, we discovered that nurses are unfamiliar with the notion of spirituality and how to provide spiritual care.
What is the meaning of spiritual care in nursing?
Spiritual nursing care was defined by participants, including nurses, patients, and chaplains, as the establishment of caring relationships between the nurse and the patient, supporting comfort and well-being.
Is spiritual Guidance an important aspect of stress management after a disaster?
Spirituality is an important aspect of human life. People's spiritual lives are greatly disrupted by disaster. Spiritual needs are met, which adds to holistic health. In times of disaster, everyone can benefit from Spiritual Care.
What spirituality means?
Spirituality is defined as the awareness of a feeling, sense, or belief that there is something more to being human than sensory experience, and that the greater total of which we are a part is cosmic or divine in nature. True spirituality necessitates the opening of one's heart.