What Is The Greek Word For Spiritual Gifts

A spiritual gift or charism (plural: charisms or charismata; in Greek singular: charisma, plural: charismata) is an idea in which the Holy Spirit bestows remarkable power. Followers think that these are supernatural graces that individual Christians require (and that were required in the days of the Apostles) in order to fulfill the Church's mission. In the strictest sense, it is a theological word for the special graces bestowed on individual Christians for the benefit of others, as opposed to personal sanctification graces such as the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit and the fruit of the Holy Spirit.

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The word of knowledge, enhanced faith, healing gifts, miraculous gifts, prophecy, spirit discernment, various kinds of tongues, and tongue interpretation are examples of these skills, which are often referred to as “charismatic gifts.” The gifts of apostles, prophets, teachers, aids (associated with service to the destitute and sick), and governments (or leadership abilities) are also associated with various Church ministries. Individuals are given these gifts by the Holy Spirit, but their mission is to build up the entire Church. They're mentioned in the New Testament, namely in 1 Corinthians 12, Romans 12, and Ephesians 4. Spiritual gifts are also mentioned in 1 Peter 4.

The gifts are tied to both “natural” and “miraculous” abilities, both of which are empowered by the Holy Spirit. The two primary theological viewpoints on their nature are that they have long since ceased or that they continue (Cessationism versus Continuationism).

What is the Greek word for spiritual?

Spirituality-related literature has piqued scholars' curiosity throughout the last few decades. Many have attempted to define spirituality, yet there is no universally accepted definition. My curiosity with the language prompted me to make some assumptions. The word's antiquity must be significant in order to comprehend how it was first used. In order to encode the term, the objective of this brief speech is to give flesh to the concept of spirituality as it relates to Ancient Greek philosophy. The connection between spirituality and the Greek word v (pneuma), which meaning spirit, mind, soul, and breathing, is acknowledged in a significant body of literature. The Latin word spirare, which means to breathe, blow, and live, is the semantic origin of the English phrase spirituality. By virtue of the words' own meaning and etymology, spirituality elicits an experiential sense. According to the definitions of spirit given in this book, the spirit animates all beings, not only humans. Since “air” is an extension of breath, spirituality must be as necessary as the air we breathe, according to this theory. It's got to be our ‘Breath of Life,' right? Spirituality could also be the ‘Breath of God,' as air has been given celestial properties. This ‘Breath' could aid people in comprehending answers to the most fundamental concerns about existence, meaning, and one's relationship to the holy, transcendent, and Divine.


Researchers have become increasingly interested in spirituality literature over the last few decades. Spirituality's role and meaning have been debated in a number of international publications. Many have attempted to define spirituality, yet there is no universally accepted definition. “…there is also the matter of definition,” Dreyer and Bennett (2006) argue eloquently while analyzing this subject. There are literally hundreds to select from.” Today, the word “spirituality” is on everyone's lips. The dualistic view of matter and spirit appears to have influenced several other researchers; philosophical paradigms are still trying to capture the definition; and a universal approach to the term that touches us all also attempts to lead a path. Because there are no borders, this discussion can go on indefinitely.

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Due of the enormous number of definitions and approaches, there is still an unanswered question. What is the definition of spirituality? Things get even more perplexing for someone who is unfamiliar with the word. People may have heard of spirituality but are unsure of what it entails. Many experts want to relate the meaning of spirituality to a universal essence. This ambition sometimes overlooks the term's historical and cultural roots, as well as variances in its usage. Spirituality isn't something that only appeared in the previous few decades. According to Kielkiewicz and Dalzell (2014), spirituality has been known and practiced by generations of people throughout history. Spirituality has been addressed since the beginning of time, according to Miner-Williams (2006), and hundreds of philosophies have investigated this issue. In today's setting, the phenomena is used and understood considerably differently than it was at its inception. “At this time, there is no ‘gold standard' for defining spirituality that can be established independent of the term's historical use in the English language or the Greek or Latin roots from which the word'spirituality' is derived.”

The antiquity of the word (Greek: v) could be essential in understanding how it was initially used, according to two recent studies on Greek Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients and COPD carers. My curiosity about this type of cognition led me to form some hypotheses. I'm not sure if there is “some kind of ancient ‘genuine' or ‘real' spirituality,” but I feel we need to go back to Ancient Greek philosophy to decode the phrase. We can actually find the root of the word spirituality there.


The goal of this brief communication is to give spirituality some substance and historical context. In order to decode the phrase, it primarily delves into the heart of Ancient Greek philosophy. It is based on a thorough search of articles published in Pubmed and Google Scholar databases using topics like spirituality, spirit, Ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, religion, air, and breath. While attempting to understand the phenomenon of spirituality, this analysis may be able to assist readers in getting closer to the original meaning of the word.

Constructing and Deconstructing Spirituality

In order to decode spirituality, several studies try to employ reduced or narrower definitions. Spirituality has been described as a holismas variable that entails a sense of connectivity to other people, nature, and life in general. Taking a step back from this all-encompassing viewpoint “may be deprived of spirituality in half of its body” Waaijman is likewise perplexed “…whether or not this piqued curiosity is a Procrustes bed”

In our postmodern culture, holistic spirituality is a must. The word ‘holism' comes from the word ‘whole,' which can refer to the entire, total, undivided, undamaged, or complete item. The word ‘whole' is derived from the Greek “. Anaximenes' vocabulary was most likely captured in its entirety. Miletus' Anaximenes (v: in Greek) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived from c. 585 to 528 B.C.E. Anaximenes is most known for his belief that all things originate from air. He postulated air as the First Cause, from which everything else originates and is created “Air” is used as a synonym for “breath.”

According to Joshua Mark, “Air was compared to the soul by the Greeks of the period, and just as one's breath provided life to a human, so air, according to Anaximenes, supplied life to all observable occurrences.” It is asserted, when explaining the same event, that “Anaximenes meant some primal ingredient that may give human beings life (breath or soul) when he said ‘air.'

Some may be perplexed as to how all of this relates to spirituality. So, why don't you start unraveling Ariadne's mite? Although the term “spirituality” is derived from ancient Greek and Latin roots, Carrette and King argue that there are major nuances to these earlier applications that are lost when the spiritual is defined in narrowly privatized terms.

Spirituality, in my opinion, leads down its own ancient road; it is not an annual fad. Is this ‘authentic' or ‘old' spirituality the result of a preceding spirituality's transfiguration? Probably not; it has and continues to show its existence.

A wide corpus of literature recognizes the link between spirituality and the Greek word “spirituality” (pneuma). The Greek term (pneuma) reveals the word's linguistic origin.

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Spirituality is referred to in Greek as ‘pneumatikotita' (=). The word “pneuma” derives from the Greek word “pneuma,” which meaning “spirit,” “mind,” “soul,” and “breathing.” The root – described a person's breath as a dynamic movement of air, implying that they were alive (breath equals life). Pneuma, which means “air in motion, breath, wind,” is the same as aer (, “air”), which is the ingredient from which all else is made. The notion of Anaximenes “Both spiritual and physical occurrences appear to be explained by “air.” “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, “, ” (= Just as our soul (psyche), which is made up of air (aer), binds us together, so does breath (pneuma) and air (aer) bind the entire world together.

Based on the aforementioned definitions of spirit, it appears that spirit animates not only human beings but all beings for the Greeks.

Spirituality played an important role in the classical communities of Greece and Rome. Breathing was also linked to “Many ancient societies, especially the Romans, considered the soul to be the source of life. The term'spirituality' in modern English refers to spirit and is derived from the Latin spiritualitas. Spiritualitas is derived from the term spiritus, which meaning “life's breath.” The term spirare, which means to breathe, blow, and live, is the semantic root of spiritus.

Spirituality appears to provoke an experiential feeling as a result of the words' origins and connotation.

Is it possible to see the impact of spirituality if we assume it is all around us, like air? “fascination”? First and foremost, someone will claim that spirituality is invisible. Perhaps this phrase isn't entirely accurate, because I feel that spirituality must be conceived both outside and inside the bounds of our senses.

Air was closely related with spirituality. “Air can be conceived of as a “neutral” substance that exists everywhere and can participate in physical processes.”

The following debate between Hermes and Asclepius concerning air can be found in Hermes Trismegistus.

-Asclepius. It's a body…. The air is the body, and it is this body that pervades all of the entities and fills all tilings.

Breath and breathing were highly related with spirituality. Spiritual and material realities coexist in our daily lives. Breathing, for example, is the most basic of living beings' voluntary acts, requiring no effort at all. Fontana goes on to talk about breath as a power that connects the invisible and visible planes. According to Kourie and Ruthenberg, “The soil, the body, and materiality all exude an organic vitality and a sense of mystery.”

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Some may wonder if we may come to an understanding of God's mystery, or the Divine, or find solutions to life's ultimate problems based on air and breathing. Is this a simplistic method that should be considered?

Anaximenes ascribed divine qualities to air. The Gods and the Divine were created from air, he stated. Spirit and spirituality became intertwined with a religion with the development of Christianity and its concept of the Holy Spirit. Most faiths appear to strive to instill a sense of spirituality in their followers. Christians, for example, have referred to the Holy Spirit as “God's breath.” The Spirit of God is depicted as a wind in the Book of Genesis at the beginning of creation. As God breaths life into Adam, the words wind and breath are related. ‘And the Lord God created a man's body out of the dust of the ground and breathed life into it.' And the man came to be a living being.' (Genesis 2:2-3)

People nowadays use a variety of terms to explain spirituality. As I gathered my thoughts on the subject, I asked myself, “Is it possible that the definition needs to be tightened?”

I'm willing to take a chance, but I'd like to mention a few characteristics that I believe could be attributed to spirituality. I'll also try to offer some thoughts on how spirituality affects people's lives.

1. Spirituality finds a home in the realm of everyday life.

2. Spirituality is dynamic; it takes on different forms and takes on different shapes “flaws” everywhere around us that affect and change our daily lives

3. Spirituality is an endless supply.

4. There is no core, no edges, no bounds, and no restrictions to spirituality.

5. Spirituality is a lifelong process. Since the beginning of time, it has had countless times and signs.

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6. Spirituality needs no willpower yet provides us with everything we need.

7. Spirituality serves as our ‘inner protector,' as it is as necessary as breathing.

This ‘Breath' most likely aids people in comprehending answers to the most fundamental concerns about existence, meaning, and the link to the holy, transcendent, and Divine.

Since then, “Spirituality must be as vital as the air we breathe, since “air” is an extension of breath.

Spirituality could also be the Breath of God, given that air possesses heavenly properties. Is this ‘Breath of God' the same as the ‘Breath of Life' (=)?

Many may disagree with this approach, despite the fact that many modern scholars are examining the relationship between spirituality and breath. Some may wonder if this is the only true definition of spirituality, and if it has to be so rigid.

Spirituality-related questions and answers abound in diverse cultures and philosophies. Spirituality is inextricably linked to human and other kinds of life. Unfortunately, several important aspects of Greek philosophy are often overlooked. This old understanding of specialized terms, I feel, might be our guiding light. There's no need to modify a deeply ingrained ancient idea about spirit and spirituality just because it's oversimplified. It is to everyone's benefit to return to the Ancient Greeks' ways of thinking about spiritual ideas in order to understand the meaning of spirituality.


Many people may be perplexed by the vocabulary of spirituality. Spirituality is described in a variety of ways by people from various backgrounds. Exploring the word's antiquity and delving into Greek philosophy might help us understand how it was first employed. Some of these ideas may not resonate with you, yet there are several reasons to investigate spirituality. Further research is needed to gain a better understanding of the phenomenon. The Greek spiritual path may lead people on an internal journey to meet and connect with the Breath of their Lives.


The author thanks Maria Tzouni (Ph.D. candidate at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki's School of English) for her helpful remarks while drafting the book.


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  • Carrette, J., and King, R. (2004) Spirituality is being sold. Religion is being taken over invisibly. Routledge. Taylor & Francis e-Library, London and New York.
  • Kielkiewicz, K., and Dalzell, T. (2014). Towards a Semantic Understanding of Spirituality. 1–58 in A Journal of Religion, Education, and the Arts.
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  • L. Chiu, J.D. Emblen, L.V. Hofwegen, R. Sawatzky, and H. Meyerhoff (2004). In the health sciences, an integrative review of the idea of spirituality. 405-428 in West J Nurs Res.
  • K Waaijman, K Waaijman, K Waaijman, K Waaijman, K Waaijman, K Waaijman, K Waaij 1–113 in Studies in Spirituality.
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  • The Breathing of the Air: Presocratic Echoes in Levinas, in Levinas and the Ancients, edited by B. Schroeder and S. Benso. Studies in Continental Thought is published by Indiana University Press.
  • G. Giannakopoulos and E. Siarenou (1984) The Small Greek-English Dictionary is a handy reference tool. Koutsoumpos Edt., Athens.
  • The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, edited by C. Brown (1975-1978). Zondervan Pub. House, Grand Rapids, Mich.
  • D. Furley (1999). From Aristotle to Augustine, there's a lot to learn. Philosophy's history. Routledge, New York.
  • Hermes Trismegistus, Hermes Trismegistus, Hermes Trismegistus Chambers DJ. 1882. Translation from the Greek original, with prologue, notes, and indices. Hermes Trismegistus, a Christian Neoplatonist, wrote theological and philosophical works. T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh.
  • D. Fontana, Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality, BPS Blackwell, London, 2003.
  • A History of God: The 4,000-Year Quest of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Armstrong, K. (1993). Ballantine Books, New York.
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  • www.myriobiblos.gr/bible/ is the home of the Greek Bible. Chapter 2 of the book of Genesis.

What are the 12 gifts of the spirit?

“Charity, joy, peace, patience, compassion, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, chastity,” according to Church tradition.

What are the 12 gifts of the Holy Spirit in the Bible?

Charity (or love), joy, peace, patience, benignity (or kindness), goodness, longanimity (or patience), mildness (or gentleness), faith, modesty, continency (or self-control), and chastity are the twelve fruits. (The three fruits of longanimity, modesty, and chastity are only present in the longer form of the passage.)

Charity is the unselfish love of God and neighbor, without expecting anything in return. Charity, on the other hand, is not a “warm and fuzzy” sensation; it is manifested in actual action toward God and our fellow man.

Joy isn't emotional in the traditional sense; rather, it is the state of being unaffected by the negative aspects of life.

Peace is a calmness in our hearts that comes from trusting in God. Christians, rather than being anxious about the future, trust God to provide for them, thanks to the Holy Spirit's leading.

Patience is the ability to bear other people's flaws while also being aware of our own flaws and need for God's love and forgiveness.

Kindness is the willingness to offer to others beyond our own possessions.

Goodness is avoiding evil and embracing what is right, even if it means sacrificing one's material fame and money.

Longanimity is the ability to remain calm in the face of adversity. While patience is appropriate when directed at others' flaws, long-suffering is defined as quietly enduring others' attacks.

Mild behavior means being kind rather than vindictive, forgiving rather than angry. The gentle person is meek; like Christ, who stated, “I am gentle and humble of heart” (Matthew 11:29), he does not demand his own way but yields to others for the sake of God's Kingdom.

Faith, as a fruit of the Holy Spirit, entails always living in line with God's will.

Being humble is humbling oneself and admitting that any of your accomplishments, talents, or accomplishments are gifts from God.

Self-control or temperance are terms used to describe continence. It does not imply denying oneself what one requires or even what one desires (as long as what one desires is good); rather, it entails exercising moderation in all areas.

Chastity is the act of submitting one's physical desires to reason and hence to one's spiritual character. Chastity entails just enjoying our bodily impulses in proper situations, such as during marriage.

What is Theos?

Theos Is a frequent term for a god, particularly one of the great gods (see olympian gods). Although the phrase is frequently used to refer to an individual deity in his anthropomorphic portrayal, it is rarely employed to address a god because there is no vocative.

What is the Greek word of soul?

According to present scholarly consensus, the Old Testament's canonical teaching included no reference to an immortal soul separate from the body. This viewpoint is constantly expressed throughout a wide spectrum of scholarly reference materials.

Many modern theologians disagree with Hebblethwaite's assertion that the Bible teaches the notion of the immortal soul, and the doctrine is “not popular among Christian theologians or Christian philosophers today.”

What name means gift in Greek?

A joyous bundle. It was a divine gift. These expressions have been used to describe a newborn baby innumerable times. Why not pay homage to the philosophy by naming your baby something that means “gift”? There are a plethora of them, many of which denote “gift from God,” and here are a dozen of the best. Also, because dora or doros in Greek means “gift,” this name spans a wide spectrum of great names, from Theodore to Pandora.

What is an example of a charism?

Theology describes charism as a gratuitous gift from God, supernatural, transitory, given to the individual for the good of others, for the benefit of the church, according to the technical meaning of the word charism as found in the New Testament, particularly in Saint Paul. This section covers two topics: (1) the nature of the gift, namely what it entails for the person who receives it and (2) the many sorts of charisms as defined by theology.

Nature. The word was employed loosely in the sense of grace or gift by the early Fathers and ecclesiastical writers. It is a favor provided by God not for the individual's personal justification or sanctification, but for the spiritual wellbeing of others, according to Saint Thomas Aquinas. It is fundamentally different from the kind of grace that makes a person appealing to God or holy in His eyes (gratia gratum faciens ). All grace is freely provided (gratis data) by God, as the name implies; nevertheless, because charism lacks the extra perfection of making the individual holy, it keeps the essentially general phrase of freely given grace as its name (gratia gratis data; see Summa theologiae 1a2ae, 111.1 ad 3). Charisms differ from sanctifying or actual grace, virtues, Holy Spirit gifts (see holy spirit, gift of), and graces of state of life in this regard. All of these graces are entitative or operative habits or dispositions that are inherent in the subject and serve the subject's perfection as their primary goal.

Charisms, on the other hand, may be given to an individual solely for the purpose of having a beneficial influence on others. As a result, a charismatic person isn't always a holy person, however God frequently uses someone near to Him as an instrument. Indeed, there may be a link between certain Holy Spirit gifts and charisms, such as the gifts of wisdom and counsel on the one hand, and the charisms of supernatural knowledge and discerning of spirits on the other. In these situations, the individual is given the remarkable ability to impart to others what he has acquired forever through a gift.

The superiority and durability of the graces that make a person holy have no bearing on charisms' ontological and supernatural perfection. God's specific intervention in man's abilities and activity produces charisms. They can be relegated to the category of accidents, transitory traits, or instrumental operating abilities in terms of metaphysics, as they raise man's capacities to action above their original potential. They include various forms of intellectual illuminations, the ability to communicate with others, and the ability to do miraculous feats, among other things.

Charisms, in the purest sense, refer to unusual abilities such as foresight, glossolalia, and so on. Gifts like ecclesiastical authority, the exercise of Sacred Orders, and infallibility, on the other hand, satisfy the criteria because they are all supernatural, freely bestowed gifts ordained for the Church's benefit. These latter presents, on the other hand, are of a more permanent kind.

Types. Theologians' classifications and arrangements are somewhat arbitrary. “They are ordained for the revelation of faith and spiritual teaching,” Saint Thomas says, picturing the role of these gifts in the Church exactly in a doctrinal and apologetic function (Summa theologiae 3a, 7.7). He separates charisms into three categories based on this criterion (Summa theologiae 1a2ae, 111.4). First, there are the charisms that endow the apostle with great divine insight. This is accomplished by particular faith and the word of wisdom (knowledge of divine things).

What is the meaning of Pneumatikos?

In 1 Corinthians 2:13-15, pneumatikoi refers to individuals who are capable of receiving unique spiritual insight or wisdom, as opposed to psychikoi who do not.

What are the 7 Spiritual gifts KJV?

Four of these gifts (wisdom, understanding, knowledge, and counsel), according to Saint Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologiae I.II, q. 68, a1, lead the intellect, while the other three gifts (fortitude, piety, and fear of the Lord) direct the will toward God.

The virtues function under the impetus of human reason (prompted by grace), whereas the gifts operate under the impetus of the Holy Spirit; the former can be employed whenever one desires, while the latter, according to Aquinas, can only be used when the Holy Spirit wishes. In the case of Fortitude, the gift shares the same Latin and English name as the virtue with which it is associated, but must be identified.

Thomas Aquinas argues the following correspondences between the seven Heavenly Virtues and the seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit in his Summa Theologiae II.II:

No Gift is specifically attributed to the virtue of temperance; nevertheless, the gift of fear can be considered as such, because fear motivates people to abstain from forbidden pleasures.

“What the gifts do over and above the theological virtues (which they presuppose) is dispose the agent to special promptings of the Holy Spirit in actively exercising the life of the virtues; the gifts are necessary for the perfect operations of the virtues, especially in the face of our human weakness and in difficult situations,” says the Rev. Brian Shanley.